(last updated 12 March 2017)
Born in England in around 1847, Emma was only one year old when she and her parents and baby sister Eliza sailed from London to South Australia, arriving at Port Adelaide on 8 August 1849. She lived initially at Mount Barker in South Australia before moving to Victoria in around 1854. Emma grew up in the Victorian goldfields town of Clunes where she married a Cornishman, Richard Mitchell (1835-1927), on Xmas Day in 1866. The couple's wedding certificate states that he was a 26 year-old miner and she was 20. Neither had been married before and both lived at Clunes. According to the Mitchell Family Tree on Ancestry, Richard was born at Redruth in Cornwall, the son of John Mitchell and Mary Hannah Kendall (1798-1853). He had nine siblings: Mary Ann (1820-1915), Thomas, Mary, James (1828-1906), Elizabeth, Jennifer (1837-1920), William Henry Kendall (1838-1911), Joanna and Hannah Mitchell.
After their marriage Richard and Emma lived initially at Clunes where their first four children were born. In around 1878 they moved to East Charlton where Richard and his sons farmed land at Buckrabunyule and Barrakee. Not long after they arrived, the East Charlton Tribune reported (on 30 November 1878) that 'an unfortunate accident happened to Mr Mitchell of Buckrabanyule on Wednesday last. He was engaged with a stripper at Mr Hickmott's selection, and unfortunately got his hand jammed in the machinery, two of his fingers were broken and entirely smashed, and the back of his hand was completely turned over. He was immediately brought in to Dr Dean who, after dressing the wounded limb, advised his removal to the St Arnaud hospital'. A week later the paper told its readers: 'We are informed that Mr R. Mitchell of Buckrabanyule, who met with an accident a short time ago and was removed to St Arnaud Hospital, is improving slowly. He is still very weak, but no serious symptoms have presented themselves'.
The Gazette notices in the 18 June 1880 edition of the East Charlton Tribune recorded that Richard Mitchell of East Charlton had an application approved to alter the terms and condition of his existing lease. A week later he was issued with a summons by the school truant inspector and fined 2s 6d with 5s costs. The report of the Korongshire Council meeting contained in the 21 September 1881 edition of the same paper noted the council had received a letter from Richard Mitchell of East Charlton, accepting the office of caretaker of a tank near his land. On 19 October the paper reported that a tender of 29/12/- had been awarded to a J. Lemon to provide fencing for Mitchell's dam in the parish of Buckrabunyule.
The 1909 electoral roll shows Richard, a farmer, living at Charlton together with Emma and Richard jnr, also a farmer. In 1914 Richard and Emma were registered at Barrakee while Richard jnr was still at Charlton. Emma Mitchell nee Hickmott died at Barrakee on 28 June 1914. Her death certificate, which was informed by her son-in-law Thomas Jenkyn, indicates that she died from the effects of influenza and acute bronchitis. She was 67 years old, was said to have been born in Kent in England, and had been 57 years in Victoria. Her issue at the time of her death were: Mary Sophia (47), Emma (45), Richard (41), John Henry (39), Alice Elizabeth (34), Florence Louisa (30), Eliza Ruby (28) and William James (25).
Emma was buried at Charlton on 30 June 1914. Her headstone reads: 'In loving memory of Emma Mitchell a loved wife and mother who departed this life June 28 1914 aged 67 years. "I know that my redeemer liveth". The electoral rolls show that following his wife's death Richard continued to live at Barrakee until his own death there in 1927. He was buried with Emma at Charlton, the headstone being amended to include: 'Also our beloved father Richard Mitchell called home February 17 1927, aged 92. "And he was not, for God took him"'. The following death notice for Richard was published in the Melbourne Argus on 19 February 1927: MITCHELL. On the 17th February, at his residence, Redruth, Charlton, Richard Mitchell, late of Barrakee, dearly beloved husband of the late Emma Mitchell, loved father of Mary (deceased), Emma, Richard, John, Alice, Florrie, Ruby, and William'.
As the above notice indicated, Richard and Emma Mitchell nee Hickmott had eight children, as follows:
Mary Sophia Mitchell (1867-1925). Born in Clunes in 1867, Mary married a miner, Thomas Jenkyn (1857-1936), at Clunes in 1896 (Thomas is pictured on the right). The Gledhill Family Tree on Ancestry'. tells us that he was born at St Ives in Cornwall on 25 July 1854, the third son of James Jenkyn (1828-81) and Mary Kitty Paynter (1829-1920). James and Mary had been married at St Ives on 28 October 1849 and had eleven children, three in Cornwall and the remainder in Australia. The website notes that 'In 1854 James Jenkyn migrated to Australia, leaving his wife Mary Kitty in Cornwall with the children. She did not see him again for three years, when she and her three boys (James, John Paynter and Thomas) travelled to Australia on the Ebbe Brahe'. In her book Charlton in the Vale of the Avoca, Grace Cadzow tells us that James and his sons spent time on the goldfields at Creswick and Ballarat before, in 1874, selecting land at Buckrabanyule near Charlton. As the following report in the Bendigo Advertiser shows, our Thomas had earlier married Charlotte Ann Rowe (in 1883 probably at Charlton although that has still to be confirmed). He had six children with her - Charlotte Olive, Harriet Lilian Rowe, Vivienne Myrtle, Thorton Raymond, Adela Violet Rosetta and Wilfred Campbell Niell Dowrick Jenkyn (who died as an infant in 1891) - before Charlotte was tragically killed in a railway accident at Barrakee in 1894:
FATAL RAILWAY ACCIDENT. A WOMAN KILLED. [By Wire. From Our Correspondent.] Charlton. 30th November. A shocking accident occurred this afternoon near the Barrakee railway station. Mrs. Thomas Jenkyn, wife of a farmer at Barrakee, was in the act of crossing a cattle pit when the 11.40 train from Bendigo (Driver Hindson) collided with the vehicle, killing Mrs. Jenkyn instantaneously. The horse escaped, but the buggy was completely destroyed. The deceased was 40 years of age, and leaves a family of five. The body was taken to Charlton. Much sympathy is felt for the relatives (1 December 1894)
Thus Mary Sophia had five step-children to raise as well as a further four she would have with Thomas: Thomas Lindsay Jenkyn (1897-1955), Richard Campbell Jenkyn (1899-1966), Bertram Russell Jenkyn (born in 1900) and Harry Mitchell Jenkyn (1902-75). She and Thomas also had a daughter, Marion Mavis Jenkyn, who died as an infant in 1908. The Australian electoral rolls show Thomas, a farmer, and Mary Sophia lived at Barrakee from 1914 until Mary Sophia's death there in 1925. The following death notices were published in the Melbourne Argus on 17 March 1925: 'JENKYN - On the 15th March at Charlton Mary S. Jenkyn, of Raybourne, Barrakee and loving mother of Lindsay, Campbell, Bertram, Harry and little Marion (deceased), and loving step-mother of Olive, Lilian, Myrtle, Ray and Violet'. 'JENKYN - On the 15th March at Charlton, Mary S. Jenkyn, beloved eldest daughter of Mr and the late Mrs R. Mitchell, and sister of Emma, Richard, John, Alice, Florrie, Ruby and Will'. After Mary Sophia's death, Richard moved from Barrakee to Charlton where he died in 1936. His estate which was made up of 'real estate of a gross value of 2,733 pounds and personal property to the value of 4,593 pounds' was left to his sons 'subject to gifts to his daughters' (Argus, 5 June 1936).
And their children? Born at Charlton, Thomas and Sophia's eldest son, Thomas Lindsay ('Len') Jenkyn (1897-1955), enlisted in the First AIF at Charlton on 2 April 1918. He was said to be a farmer and gave his father as his NOK. He underwent training at Broadmeadows and sailed from Sydney on the HMT Orantes on 5 June. After disembarking at Liverpool on 11 August, he underwent training with the 14th Training Battalion and was allocated to the 58th Battalion which he joined in France on 2 December 1918. Lindsay returned to England in February 1919 and sailed back to Australia on the Argyleshire in August the same year. The 1919 and 1924 electoral rolls show Thomas Lindsay, a farmer, living on his parents' property at Barrakee. Sometime between 1924 and 1928 he married Elsie Wills (1900-53), the daughter of Orlando Thomas Wills (1862-1926) and Mary Elizabeth Tresise. As described in the Inglewood Advertiser, Elsie's older brother, Henry Mills, had married Lindsay's half- sister, Violet Jenkyn, at Moonee Ponds in Melbourne in 1916:WILLS - JENKYN. A very quiet and pretty wedding was solemnised at St Thomas', Moonee Ponds, on August 29th, by the Rev Canon Hancock, between Henry, second son of Mr and Mrs O. T. Wilis, of Borung, and Violet, youngest daughter of Mr Thomas Jenkyn, of Barrakee. Miss Elsie Wills acted as bridesmaid, and Mr D. Wills as best man. The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a charming gown of white crepe de chene, a wreath and chapIet of pearls with her mother's veil, and a pearl necklet, the gift of the bridegroom, and carried a prayer book. The bridesmaid wore a pretty dress of silk lace with cap of pearls, and wore a signet ring, the gift of the bridegroom. She carried a posey of blush pink roses and maiden hair fern. The gift of the bride to the bridegroom was a pair of gold sleeve links. After the ceremony the guests motored to Sargent's, where the wedding breakfast was held. The happy couple left for Sydney and the Blue Mountains by the S.S. Cooma next day, the bride travelling in a brown cloth tailored costume, and brown sailor hat. Many handsome and useful presents were received (3 October 1916).
The Australian Electoral Rolls show that after their marriage Len and Elsie lived for a time at Barrakee before farming land at Tarnook near Benalla. In 1931 Len appeared in the Violet Town Court where he 'was charged with shooting duck and teal on Sunday 11th December. He was fined £5 with a penalty of £1 for each of three birds, and£1/6/10 costs, making it total of £9/10' (Northern Eastern Ensign (20 February 1931). As the following obituary notes, Elsie died at Tarnook in 1953:Sudden Death of Mrs. Elsie Jenkyn. Sincere regret was expressed throughout the town and district on Sunday last, when news was received of the sudden death of Mrs. Elsie Jenkyn of Tarnook. She had a stroke early on Saturday evening and was admitted to the Bush Nursing Hospital, where she passed away early on Sunday morning. She was 53 years of age. The late Mrs. Jenkyn was a daughter of the late Thomas and Mary Wills, and was born at Borung. She was married in Bendigo 28 years ago to Mr. Thomas Lindsay ('Len') Jenkyn, who survives her. One daughter, Marion (Mrs. C. Webster) is also left to mourn their loss. A leading member of the Country Women's Association, The late Mrs. Jenkyn endeared herself to everyone with whom she came in contact. She possessed a bright and happy disposition, and was a charming hostess. She was an active member of the Benalla A. and P. Society, and gave valued service over many years in the industrial section at the show. Only recently, when she was in hospital with a broken leg, a letter of appreciation was sent to her from the Show Society, expressing their appreciation of her wonderful work. The funeral, which was of a private nature, took place to the Fawkner cemetery on Monday last. The casket was borne by Messrs. R. Wills, M. Brown, F. Phillips, R. T. Meadows, jnr., J. Spencer and J. Connolly.
Len continued to live at Tarnook after Elsie's death. A number of Family Trees on Ancestry suggest he re-married - to Hazel Irene Edith Hipkins (1905-83) - although we have not yet confirmed this. We believe he died at Euroa in central Victoria in 1955. Len and Elsie had one daughter we know of: Marion Jenkyn (1926-2004) who married Benalla-born Colin William Webster (1916-97). Colin had served in the 8th Cavalry Regiment during the Second World War. According to the Myers family Tree on Ancestry, he and Marion had four children all still living.
Mary Sophia and Thomas' other boys also served in the armed forces during the Second World War, Richard and Bertram in the Army (both were discharged in 1944) and Harry in the Air Force from which he was discharged in 1946. After the war Richard lived with his parents at Barrakee and, following their deaths, in the family home on Clifton Street in Charlton. He died in 1966 and, we think, never married. The electoral rolls show that Bertram and Alice Myrtle Jenkyn lived at Barrakee until sometime between 1949 and 1954 when they moved to Kanangra near Lockhart in NSW where Bertram worked as a grazier. They were still registered there in 1980 along with Neil Mitchell, Thomas Watson and Myra Shirley Jenkyn. Harry Mitchell and May Thompson Jenkyn farmed at Charlton until the early 1950s when they moved to the Victorian coastal town of Portland where Harry worked as a foreman until his death there in 1975. May was still registered as living at Portland at the time of the 1980 election. We don't know if she and Harry had any children.
Emma Mitchell (1870-1940). Born in Clunes, Emma married John Edwards in 1894. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms and local electoral rolls show that, after their wedding, Emma and John farmed land at Yeungroon near Charlton until at least 1924. They may have then moved to Melbourne to live although that has still to be confirmed. We do know that Emma Edwards nee Mitchell, aged 78 years, died at Canterbury in Melbourne in 1948. We have yet to discover John's birth or death dates. He and Emma had at least four children all born at Charlton: 1) Linda Marion Edwards (1895-1980) who married a local grocer, Clive William Horace Curnow (1890-1968), the son of William Curnow and Mary Jane Johns. She and Clive eventually moved to Melbourne along with their daughter Nancy Claire Curnow who worked as a teacher. 2) Ralph Murray Edwards (1897-1956) who married Constance Ivy Green in 1919 probably at Charlton although that still has to be confirmed. They seem to have taken over the running of Ralph's parent's farm and had at least one daughter, Elizabeth Marion Edwards (who worked as a nurse). 3) Frank Mitchell Edwards (1903-96). 4) Flora Ester Edwards.
From Gordon Beach's 'Beckham Version 2017' Family Tree on Ancestry, this photo shows Charles Curnow who married Linda Marion Edwards
at Charlton in around 1922. We are unsure whether and how the other Curnows in the photo are related to Charles. The C. Dew
seated at the front is probably Cyril John Dew who married Eliza Ruby Mitchell at St Arnaud in 1929 (see below).
Richard Mitchell (1872-1958). Born at Clunes, Richard seems to have been married twice, first to Margaret Doyle in 1883 and second to Charlotte Olive Rowe Jenkyn (1884-1969) at Ballarat East in 1909. Charlotte was the eldest daughter of Richard's uncle, Thomas Jenkyn, and his first wife Charlotte Ann Rowe who was killed in a railway accident at Charlton in 1894 (see above).The electoral rolls show that Richard and Charlotte lived all their married lives at Charlton where Richard was a farmer. We don't think they had any children although this has still to be confirmed.
John Henry Mitchell (1874-1942). John worked as a farmer and lived all his adult life at Charlton initially with his parents and, following their deaths, with his older brother Richard and his wife Charlotte.
Alice Elizabeth Mitchell (1880-1953). Born at Clunes, Alice married a local butcher, Harry Williams in 1910, probably at Charlton although this has still to be confirmed. The electoral rolls show that they lived first at Charlton, then St Arnaud and finally Glen Iris in Melbourne. As the following death notice indicates, Alice died at South Melbourne in 1953: 'WILLIAMS. On July 1, as a result of an accident. Prince Henry's Hospital. Alice Elizabeth the dearly beloved wife of Harry, 22 Mills Street, Burwood, loving mother of Ivor (deceased), BilI, Bronwyn (Mrs. Fox) and Hal (deceased), fond mother-in-law of Allen and Jean, dearly loved grandmother of Glenys, Jocelyn. Richard and Robert, Carol. Cenarth and Meredith, aged 73 years' (Age, 2 July 1953). She and Harry, about who we know very little, had four children we are aware of:
1) Ivor Mitchell Williams (1910-12) who died at Charlton.
2) William Edwin Lloyd ('Bill') Williams (1916-2004) who was a storekeeper and was living, with his wife Margaret Jean Williams, 'off Portland Road' in Hamiliton in western Victoria at the time of the 1972, 1977 and 1980 elections. The Ryerson index shows that both Bill and Jean died at Coleraine in Victoria in 2004. They are both memorialised at the Hamilton Lawn Cemetery. As noted above, they had four children at the time of Alice's death in 1953.
3) Emma Bronwyn Myfanwy Williams (1920-2005) who married Allen William Fox and lived all her married life in the Melbourne suburb of Balwyn. We think she and Allan also had four children, the three mentioned above plus Alison Elizabeth Fox who was living with her mother in Balwyn at the time of the 1977 election.
4) Harry Meredith ('Hal') Williams (1924-42) who died at St Arnaud.
Florence Louisa Mitchell (1883-1970). Born at Charlton, Florence married a state school teacher, Ernest Holland, in 1909. The electoral rolls show them living at Geelong West at the time of the 1924 election and at Winchelsea to the north of Geelong in the 1930s. They then moved to Melbourne and lived in the Caulfied area (Florence died at Balaclava in 1970). They had six children we are aware of: 1) Bertram Mitchell Holland (1911-62) who married Eileen De Vere Billings (1914-75) the daughter of Ernest Billings and Florence Amelia White. 2) Grace Mitchell Holland who married Frances George Stones at Elsternwick in Melbourne in 1928. 3) Mary Holland. 4) Ester Mary Holland. 5) Robert Ernest Holland. 6) Richard John Holland.
Eliza Ruby Mitchell (1886-1973). Born at Charlton, Ruby married a local law clerk Cyril John Dew (1895-1986) at St Arnaud in Victoria on 21 December 1921. Cyril was born at Wooroonook in Victoria in 1889, the son of the grazier Isaac Dew (1865-1942) and Jessie Mary Fisher (1872-1953) who were married at Granite Flat near Charlton in 1894 and had three children in addition to Cyril: Clement Robert (1898-1927), Doris (1901-94) and Phyllis Jessie Dew (1908-71). Cyril and Ruby lived at Charlton after their marriage and later Surrey Hills in Melbourne where Ruby died in 1973. Cyril died at Kew in Melbourne in 1986.
Cyril and Ruby had only one child, John Mitchell Dew, who was born at Charlton in 1924. The Department of Veterans Affairs' World War 2 nominal roll shows that John enlisted in the Australian Army at Prahran on 1 March 1942. He was then living at East Prahran and gave as his NOK Cyril Dew. He was later discharged while serving with Melbourne University Rifles. He re-enlisted in the RAAF at Melbourne on 15 March 1944 and was discharged on 1 February 1946 as a Leading Aircraftman with 1 Stores Depot. He studied engineering at Melbourne University and married Pauline Terese Dobson in 1951. The electoral rolls show them living initially at Box Hill and later Surrey Hills where John worked as a metallurgical engineer. John died at Surrey Hills in 2008 and was cremated at the Altona Memorial Park on 1 December 2009. His memorial plaque reads: John Mitchell Dew 5.1.1924 - 23.7.2008. Only child of Cyril and Ruby. Husband of Pauline. Father of Joanne and Timothy. The family's tribute to him published in the Melbourne Herald Sun tells us that 'John enjoyed all aspects of cricket - playing, watching, reading and writing about the game. In an environment unknown to those he leaves, perhaps he is watching a game, writing about mining and people he will always remember with affection. Stumped by cancer, before another century, and the end of following Collingwood since 1933. Go Pies!'
From Gordon Beach's 'Beckham Version 2017' Family Tree on Ancestry, the photo on the left is of 147844 Leading Aircraftsman John Mitchel Dew
in 1944. The one on the right shows three generations of Dews, from L/R: John Mitchell, Cyril John and Timothy Dew.
William James Mitchell (1889-1955). Ancestry's Australian bdm database shows that William married Elizabeth Minnie Conn in 1915, most likely at Charlton. Minnie was born at Wooroonook in Victoria in 1889, the daughter of Henry Robinson Conn (1855-92) and Maria Louisa ('Minnie') Stoltz (1864-1924). The Australian electoral rolls show that after their marriage the couple farmed land at Barrakee until William's death at Charlton in 1955. We suspect that Minnie may have re-married although that has still to be confirmed. William and Minnie had four children we are aware of:
1) Jack Conn Mitchell who farmed land at Barrakee until at least the late 1970s. We believe he married but don't know who to or whether he had any children.
2) William Lindsay Mitchell (1917-95). Born at Charlton, William enlisted in the Australian Army at Alice Springs in January 1943. He was serving with 120 Australian General Transport Company when he was discharged in October 1945. William married Effie Marion Douglas (1923-83) and also farmed land at Barrakee until at least the late 1970s. He died at Charlton and Effie at Bendigo.
3) Howard James Mitchell who married Margaret Wilson Makeham in 1948. We think Margaret was the daughter of John William (Jack) Makeham (1887-1981) and Ada Mary Wilson (1890-1974) who were married in Victoria in 1919. Jack had served in Egypt and Gallipoli with the 7th Battalion while Ada served as a nursing sister in France and England during World War I. Howard and Margaret farmed land at Barrakee and nearby Mysia, the birthplace of Margaret's father. They had at least one daughter we are aware of, Pamela Margaret Mitchell who was born at Charlton in 1951.
4) Isla Grace Mitchell who married Ian Scott, the second son of Mr and Mrs R. Scott of 'Rowsley' Bacchus Marsh in 1955. The electoral rolls show that after their marriage they lived at Charlton where Ian worked as a company secretary.
Hickmott family Rootsweb site Henry Edward Hickmott Rebecca Smith Henry Hickmott in Victoria First families home page First families index
'Thomas Jenkyn', from pamphlet on Charlton's Pioneers, courtesy of Grace Cadzow.
Al others from Gordon Beach's 'Beckham Version 2017' Family Tree on Ancestry.