(last updated: 11 January 2016)
Part I: Life and times
The Wright Family
The Bodger Family
First Families Home Page
Born at Broughton in Huntingdonshire, Jane sailed to Australia with her parents in 1852. She married Alfred John Cheeseman (1849-1922) at Carngham in central Victoria in 1870 (Jane and Alfred are pictured on the left). After spending a few years in the Riverina, Jane and Alfred and their growing family moved back to Carngham and later to nearby Beaufort where Jane died in 1911. She and Alfred had 13 children.
Click here to read an account of Jane and Alfred's family and life and times.
Joseph was born at sea while his parents were emigrating from England to Australia on the SIR ROBERT SALE. He grew up in Carngham working initially as a labourer and then as the overseer of Philip Russell's Carngham station (pictured below in 1920). In 1877 he married Julia Sophia Nice (1857-1927). Also from Carngham, Julia had been born at Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk. Margaret Barclay tells us that her parents were Robert Nice (1835-1912) and Sarah Gates (1825-1885) both of whom came from Rougham in Suffolk. She adds that they had two boys in addition to Julia: James (1859-1943) and George Frederick Nice (1864-1947). James and George were born in Australia, both married Chibnall girls and both ended up living in Ballarat. As described below, they both attended their sister's funeral at Carngham in 1927.
A copy of the family's immigration record, contained on the 'Young Family Tree' on Ancestry, shows that two Nice families, all from Rougham in Suffolk, emigrated together on the sailing ship the CASTILIAN which arrived in Victoria on 28 June 1858: 1) Robert (a 23 year-old farm labourer) and Sarah Nice nee Gates (30) and their daughter Julia (1); and 2) William (29 year-old farm labourer) and Elizabeth Nice nee Gates (29) and their three children, Agnes (9), William (5) and Henry Nice (2). The ship's entry indicated that Robert and William were brothers, the sons of James and Anne Nice of Rougham, and Sarah and Elizabeth were sisters, daughters of Samuel and Eliza Gates of Rougham. Listed with Robert and Sarah were an Anne (12) and Ellen Cobbald (10), who were also from Rougham and whose parents, George and Sarah Nice, were said on one record to be on the CASTILIAN and on another to be the step-daughters of Robert Nice. It further indicated that the families had no relations in the colony. Anne Eliza Cobold married Thomas George Cheeseman at Smythsdale near Carngham in 1867 and died without issue five years later.
After their marriage Joseph and Julia continued to live at Carngham and had three children there: George Robert, Thomas James and Philip Leslie Wright. Julia died at Ballarat on 18 April 1927 and was buried at Carngham two days later. Joseph died four months later and was buried next to his wife. Both had obituaries published in the Ballarat Courier, Julia's on 25 April and Joseph's on 16 August 1927, as follows:
A colonist of 65 years, Mrs Julia Sophie Wright, died on Wednesday last. For the past three years, Mrs Wright, who was the wife of Mr Joseph Robert Wright, had resided at 'Clyde', 107 Drummond St South, prior to which the family home was at Carngham. It was in that district that the parents of the deceased lady settled when they first came to the colony. Mrs Wright was born in Bury St Edmunds Suffolk, England in 1857. The funeral took place on Friday from the home, 107 Drummond St, and the high regard and esteem enjoyed by Mrs Wright was made very evident by the many district residents as well as family and friends who had journeyed from a distance and witnessed the interrment in the Carngham cemetery. The casket, which was laden with floral tributes, was carried from the home by Messrs James Nice (brother), Syd, Roy and Norman (nephews) who with the undermentioned were the chief mourners: Mr J. R. Wright (husband), Mr and Mrs George Nice (brother and sister-in-law), Mesdames J. Stevens, A. C. Ferguson, J. E. Robertson, G. Hall and E. Nice (nieces).
Mr Joseph Robert Wright, who for many years was a resident of Carngham and Snake Valley districts, died at his residence, 107 Drummond Street South [Ballarat]. Mr Wright was aged 75 years and had for some months been in ill health. Deceased was born at sea near Sydney, and with his people came to Victoria and settled in the Carngham district following farming pursuits. He leaves three sons. The funeral took place on Sunday to the Carngham cemetery and was largely attended ... The coffin bearers at the home were Thomas, Phillips and George Wright (sons) and Sydney Nice (nephew). The Chief mourners including the above mentioned were Mrs Crick, Mrs Chibnall, Mrs Davies and Mrs N. Woods (sisters), Mrs P. Wright (daughter-in-law) Messrs C. Wright (brother), P. Wright and T. Thomas (nephews), Messrs G. and J. Nice (brothers-in-law) Mrs G. Nice (sister-in-law) Mr and Mrs Beswick (nephew and niece) and R. Wright (grandson).
Joseph Robert Wright with his wife Julia around the time of their marriage in 1877 and
with his mother Sarah Wright nee Bodger some time before 1910.
As mentioned, Joseph and Julia had three sons, all of whom were born at Carngham. As described below, they all survived childhood, married and produced for their parents a totlal of five grandchildren:
1. George Robert Wright (1898-1944) who married Frances Jane Cheeseman (1877-1966), the daughter of Thomas George Cheeseman and his second wife, Sarah Ann Shaw, at Carngham in 1904. The Australian electoral rolls show Frances and George, who worked as a signalman for the Victorian Railways, lived in the Melbourne suburb of East Malvern initially at 7 Chanak Street and then 3 Rushmead Street where George died in 1944. Frances continued to live at 3 Rushmead Street at least until 1954 and probably until her own death in 1966. She and George had two children:
1.1) Eva Lillian Wright (1906-80). Born at Castlemaine Eva married George Malcom Iverson Carr (1900-56), the son of Henry Alexander Carr and Mary Georgina Pratt, St John's Church in East Malvern in 1942. The electoral rolls show they lived at 3 Rushmead Street in East Malvern after their marriage. George was said to be an engine driver and Eva a millener. According to the 'Young Family Tree' on Ancestry, George died at East Malvern in 1956 and Eva at Dandenong outside Melbourne in 1980. They had at least one daughter we are aware of: Anne Marie Carr who married Frederick Albert Leonard Beauchamp and had four children.
1.2) Robert Gordon Wright (1908-74). Also born at Castlemaine, Robert married Lorna Winifred Lester (1916-71) in Victoria in 1939. The 'Young Family Tree' on Ancestry has Lorna's parents as Norman James and Ruby Winifred Lester. The 'Descendants of William Robertson' on Ancestry tells us that Ruby's maiden name was Menzies and Robert and Lorna had two children both still living.
2. Thomas James Wright (1885-1935) married Mary Rowe (1885-1972), daughter of two natives of Cornwall, Edwin Rowe and Carolyn Ann Knight, at Carngham in 1912. They had two children:
2.1) Alan Ronald Wright (1913-95) who was born at Castlemaine and married Joyce Agnes Coutts (1915-2006), daughter of Alexander Belmein Coutts and Ethel Agnes Barlett, at West Brunswick in Melbourne in 1938. We believe that Alan and Joyce had three children.
2.2) Eric Ross Callard Wright (1921-2003) who married Margaret Ethel Conningsby (1923-2013), daughter of Robert Henry Price Conningsby and Alice Maud Mary Elnor, We believe they, too, had three children.
3. Phillips Leslie Wright (1891-1949) who married Emily Amelia Hall (1893-1982), daughter of George James Hall and Sarah Ann Amelia Vale, at Ballarat in 1914. The electoral rolls show they moved around after their marriage, living at Castlemaine in 1914, Snake Valley in 1919, South Ballarat in 1924, Lake Victoria, Moona and Bunnerunga Stations near Wentworth in NSW from the mid-1930s to the early 1940s and Mildura in Victoria in the late 1940s. Following Phillips' death at Mildura in 1949, Emily returned to Ballarat where she remained until at least 1972. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms shows that she died in the Melbourne suburb of Wantirna in 1982.
Phillips and Emily had one child: Joyce Alwin (sometimes spelled Alwyn) Wright who married Leslie Eric Wakefield (1914-82) at Wentworth in 1939. Leslie was born at Renmark in South Australia, the son of Albert Wakefield and Christina Leslie. Three years after their marriage, VX79019 Gunner Lelsie Eric Wakefield enlisted in the Army at Caulfield in Melbourne and served in the 2/5th Field Regiment until his discharge on 20 February 1946. They initially lived with Joyce's parents at Mildura and moved with Emily to Ballarat after Phillips' death. The 1963 electoral roll has them at 1 Nicholson Street in Warrnambool in Victoria together with their son, Kevin Leslie Wakefield, a motor mechanic (Leslie Eric was working as a marine dealer). The electoral rolls show Leslie and Joyce continued to live at Warrnambool until sometime after 1980 when they moved back to Melbourne where Leslie died in 1982.
Born at Batesford outside Geelong, James moved with his parents and siblings to Mount Cole and then Carngham in central Victoria. In 1875 He married Margaret Rosina Coleman (1859-93) at St John's Church at Soldier's Hill in Ballarat. The couple's wedding certificate shows that James was a 20 year-old bachelor and Margaret a 15 year-old spinster who was born at Lexton in Victoria, the daughter of Daniel Coleman, labourer, and Catherine Carle. Although both James and Margaret were living at Ballarat at the time of their wedding their usual place of residence was Carngham. Written consent for the marriage of the bridegroom was provided by his father John Wright and, for the bride, by R. W. Sherard Esquire. The wedding was conducted by a R. Johnson Mercer and witnessed by him, Eleanor Harriett Mercer and a John Wright who signed the certificate with a cross or 'mark'. The birth of their children indicates that, after their marriage, James and Margaret lived first at Carngham and then Beaufort where Margaret died in 1893. Irene Restall believes that James may have remarried although we have not been able to confirm it. We believe that James died at Ballarat in 1919 although, again, this has not been confirmed. We do know that James and Margaret had at least seven children: John Joseph, William Charles, Hugh Alexander ('Alex'), Charles David, Walter Alfred, Sarah Eveline and Margaret Rosina ('Rose') Wright.
1. John Joseph Wright (1879-1948) who married Florence Provis (1882-1977) in Victoria in 1898. The 'Klemm Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us that Florence was born at Beaufort in 1882, the daughter of William Provis (1847-1905) and Emily Isabella Baker (who was born at Clevedon in Somerset in 1850). She and William were married at Beaufort in 1871 and had four children. It adds that Florence died in the Melbourne suburb of Coburg in 1977. John pre-deceased her by almost 30 years, dying in Melbourne's Austin Hospital at Heidelburg in 1948. The following death notice was published in the Melbourne Age on 10 May that year: 'WRIGHT - On May 9, at Austin Hosp!tal. Heidelberg. John Joseph Wright, beloved husband of Florence loving father of Gertrude (Mrs Goddard) John, Doris (Mrs. Martin), Lilian (Mrs Sherwood) and Dorothv (Mrs Waters). Loving brother of David, William, Alex, Walter and Rose (Mrs McLean), aged 69 years'.
As described, John and Florence had five children. According to the 'Klemm Family Tree' the eldest of these, Gertrude Berenice Wright (1901-78), was born at Beaufort and married Robert Henry Goddard (1902-87), son of Alfred Thomas Goddard (1874-1946) and Mary Elizabeth James (1871-1951), at Echuca in Victoria in 1927. The electoral rolls indicate that Gertrude and Robert, who worked as a labourer, lived their early married lives in Deniliquin and Rankins Springs in NSW before moving back to Victoria where Gerte died at Echuca in 1978 and Robert in the Melbourne suburb of Fawkner in 1987. We believe they had three children: Glenice Faye Goddard (1941-84) and two others.
2. Hugh Alexander Wright (1883-1954) who married Helen Irene Bridget McGurk (1880-1985), daughter of Patrick McGurk and Mary Elizabeth Winter, in 1909. We believe they had four children: Rheita, Mervyn, Keith and Phyllis Irene Wright. Rheita Wright (1909-98) married Perth-born Archer Hancock, son of George Hancock and Ellen Louise Arnold, in Mildura in 1927. The Australian electoral rolls show Archer, described as a horticulturalist, and Rheita lived and worked most of their married lives at Billabong near Mildura. Both died and are buried at Mildura.
3. Sarah Eveline Wright (1890-1919).The 'Kerry Louise Jones family tree' on Ancestry tells us Sarah was born at Beaufort on 23 December 1889 and died in Queensland on 24 April 1919. She married Castlemaine-born William James Hunt, son of John Hunt and Mary Horne, at Ballarat on 25 August 1906. They had four children: Lexie Ellen (1907-88), Jame Robert Walter (1909-09), Alexander Thomas (1910- ) and William David Hunt (1913-65). Lexie Ellen Hunt married Alfred Norman Jones in 1925 and had seven children. Both she and Alfred are buried at Traralgon in Victoria.
4. Margaret Rosina ('Rose') Wright (1893-1967) married Lachlan McLean in 1913 and had three children we are aware of: Veronica Annie Mc Lean who married Charles Reuben Tucker Chapman; Marjorie Rosina McLean (1915-72), and Lachlan Hugh McLean (1919-85).
Sarah was born at Carngham in Victoria after her parents and older siblings moved there from Mount Cole. At the age of 22 she married William Grove Emmett (1853-81) at the Ballarat Registration Office on 14 November 1871. Their wedding certificate shows William was an 18 year-old miner who was born at Hamilton in Victoria and living at Haddon near Snake Valley. His parents were said to be George Emmett, a miner, and Harriet Nash. Sarah was a 22 year-old servant also living at Haddon. The wedding was witnessed by William's brother, John Nash Emmett, and Harriet Gregory. Written consent for William to get married was provided by his mother and step father. The 'Patterson Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us that George Emmett was born at Cox Green in Berkshire in England in 1826 and died at Ballarat in 1867. His wife Harriot was born at Farringdon in Berkshire in 1827 and died at Corrimal near Wollongong in 1905 (she is buried in the Rookwood cemetery in Sydney as Harriet Emmett).
We know from the birth of their children that Sarah and William eventually moved to Albury in NSW where William died in 1881, less than a year after the birth there of their fourth child, Gertrude Ellen Emmett. After William's death Sarah returned to Carngahm where she married George Swan Morland in 1892. Sarah and George had three children before George's death at Snake Valley in 1888. Four years later Sarah married Carl Andersen and had a son, Victor Andersen, at Loch in 1896. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms show that Sarah died at Beaufort in Victoria in 1926. By that time she had 26 grandchildren we know of. Sadly none of them were living at or even near Beaufort.
Click here to read about Sarah's children and descendants.
Mining at Snake Valley
Born at Carngham in central Victoria, John married Susannah Coulson (1865-1925) at Christchurch Cathedral in Ballarat on 8 July 1882. Their wedding certificate shows John was then a 24 year-old bachelor who was working as a miner at Snake Valley. Susannah was an 18 year-old spinster who was born at Piggoreet in Victoria. Her parents were William Coulson, miner, and Hannah Blakey. She and her parents were living at Snake Valley at the time of the wedding. Written permission for the bride to marry was provided by her mother as her father was out of the colony. The wedding was witnessed by an Edward R. Butler or Cutler and a William Journey (difficult to decipher). The Australian electoral rolls show that John and Susannah lived at Snake Valley until around the time of the First World War when they moved to Wonthaggi in Victoria's Gippsland where John and his sons worked as miners. Susannah died in 1925 during a visit to the Victorian capital. John died at Wonthaggi in 1931. They had nine children between 1883 and 1900, all born at Snake Vallay. One of their sons, David Gordon Wright, died as a two year-old child at Carngham in 1900. Another son, William Saunders Wright, died at Ballarat aged 19 years and probably did not marry. Their remaining seven children did marry and produced 18 grandchildren we are aware of as follows:
1. Susannah Wright (1883-1946) who married James Robertson in 1900 and had one child we know of: Emma Matilda Robertson (1901-80) who, with her husband, Walter Harold Jackson (1895-1969), lived all her married life in Melbourne and had at least two children there:
1.1) June Susannah Jackson who married Kangaroo Island-born Arthur Phillip William Jones (1919-76) who had served as a signalman in the 2/10th Infantry Battalion during the Second World War. We believe he and June had two children.
1.2) John Walter James Jackson (1928-2006) who married Margaret Stella Schucraft (1930-2009). Both died at Berwick outside Melbourne and were cremated at Bunnerong Memorial Park. John's family tribute, published in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 30 June 2006, reads as follows: 'JACKSON. - John Walter James (Jack) Passed away peacefully on June 28, 2006. Loving husband of Margaret. Dear father of Phillip and Christine, father-in-law of Sandra and Paul. Dear Grandad of Brett, Heath and Kate and partners Georgia and Russell. Always remembered in our hearts for a lifetime of happy memories. Will be sadly missed'.
2.Bertha Naomi Wright (1888-1978) who married Ernest George Nelson in 1912 and had four children all born at Wonthaggi: Ernest John, William Austin Edward Nelson, Bertha Rose Adelaide and Emma Lilian Nelson.
2.1) Bertha Rose Adelaide Nelson (1915-98) was born in the Melbourne suburb of Richmond and married Hugh Alfred Ottrey (1913-86) in 1938. The Searle family tree on Ancestry tells us that Hugh was born at Coolgardie in Western Australia and died at Tinonee (near Taree) in NSW. His parent were Alfred Henry Ottrey (1883-1958) and Mary Jane Marwick (1887-1977) who were married in 1907 and had five children. It adds that Bertha also died in Tinonee which is confirmed by the Tinoree cemetery listings of the Australian Cemeteries Index.
2.2) Emma Lilian Nelson (1919-97) was born at Wonthaggi and married Tasmanian-born John Thomas Slavin. The Australian electoral rolls show John, who worked as a miner, and Emma lived at Wonthaggi all their married lives, John dying there in 1967 and Emma in 1997. Both are buried in the local cemetery. We don't know if they had any children.
3. Adelaide Victoria ('Addie') Wright (1890-1980) who married Samuel King (1886-1948) at Ballarat in 1911. The Roberts family tree on Ancestry tells us Samuel was born at Durham Lead in Victoria and died at Darlinghurst in East Sydney. His parents were George King (1847-1929) and Elizabeth Emma Hutchinson (1850-92) who were married at Buninyong in Victoria in 1870 and had ten children. Addie died at Wyong on the NSW central coast in 1980. She and Samuel had three children we are aware of: 3.1) Victor Samuel King (1912-84) who married Gwendoline Catherine Powell (1915-98) in Sydney in 1944. Both died at Wahroonga in Sydney; 3.2) Bertha Eileen King (1913-92) who was born at Daylesford in Victoria and died at Gosford in NSW; and 3.3) James Alfred King who married Una Farrow at Nareenborn in NSW in 1941.
4. George Blakey Wright (1892-1969) who married Mary Jane MacKenzie (1888-1979), daughter of Samuel John MacKenzie (1859-1901) and Mary Jane Gidlow (1863-1916), in 1913. George, who worked as a labourer, and Mary Jane lived in the inner Melbourne suburb of Richmond all their married lives, he dying there in 1969 and she ten years later. They had four children, Richard Robert Wright, Susannah Adelaide Wright (1916-36) who is buried in the Burwood cemetery, and two others as follows:
4.1) George William Wright (1914-2003) who married Alvis Brearley Wright, daughter of William Clarke Wright (1884-1937) and Clara Jocelyn Brearley (1882-1981). The Department of Veterans' Affairs Second World War nominal roll shows George was born at Daylesford in Victoria and enlisted in the Australian Army at Wangaratta on 4 November 1942. His was living at Burnley in Melbourne at the time and gave as his NOK his wife Alvis Wright. He was discharged from the Army on 18 October 1944 as a Sergeant in the 2/1 Australian Corps Reception Camp. He and Alvis lived at Richmond after their marriage and both died there. The following tribute to george was postd in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 22 September 2003: 'WRIGHT - George William, passed away peacefully on Sept. 20, 2003. Loving husband of Alvis (dec), loved father of Ken and father-in-law to Shirlie, loving Granddad of Brett (dec), Neil, Sally, Kerri and Michelle, loving Great Granddad of Lucas, Ashlin, Matthew, Therese, Taliha, Braden, Alexandra and Heidi. Your struggle was long and painful, your courage and humour were inspirational. Always In Our Hearts Join Mum and Rest Peacefully'.
4.2) Jean Bertha Wright (1918-2012) married Raymond John Nelson (1919-82) who served as a private soldier in the 3rd Technical Maintenance Section during the Second World War. Both were cremated at the Altona cemetery. We don't know if they had any children.
5. John Arthur Ormond Wright (1894-1959) married Henrietta ('Hetta') Bond and lived all his married life at Wonthaggi where he worked as a miner. He died there in 1959. He and Hetta had three children: 1) Dulcie Wright; 2) John Arthur Wright jnr who died, aged one year, at Wonthaggi in 1922; and 3) Joyce Ellen Wright (1920-2004). Born at Wonthaggis, Joyce married a local boy, John Richard Stewart (1920-91) and lived there all her life (both she and John are buried at the Wonthaggi cemetery). The following tribute for Joyce was posted in the Herald Sun on 3 April 2004: STEWART - Joyce (nee Wright) Beloved wife of Jack (dec) and sister of Dulcie (Brisbane), passed away Mar 30 2004 at Armitage House, Wonthaggi after a short illness. Loved daughter-in-law of Isabel and Fred Stewart (both dec) and sister-in-law of Alan McGonigal (dec) and Dorothy Vain (Gawler SA), Ron and Marjorie McGonigal (Bendigo), Ossie and Norma Stewart (Labrador and Mt Gravatt Qld) and Pat Nash (Croydon). No more pain Joyce dear Now at peace.'
6. Austin Wright (1896-1976) who married Irene Maud Victoria Rainbow (1898-1980) in 1917. The Lou_Berts family tree on Ancestry tells us Irene's parents were Richard Joseph Rainbow and Mary Ann Judd who were married at the Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy on 10 April 1891 and had seven children (Richard had previously been married to Mary Ann Gunston - at Fingal in Tasmania in 1865 - with whom he had ten children). The Australian electoral rolls show that Austin, who worked as a labourer, and Irene lived at Wonthaggi before moving to Melbourne in around 1950. Austin died at Wonthaggi in 1976 and Irene at Pearcedale on the Mornington Peninsular in 1980. Both were interred at the Springvale Botanical cemetery. They had four children we are aware of: Hazel Irene heather, Austin Ernest George, Elsie May Adelaide and Kenneth Maxwell Wright. we know very little about Elsie and Kenneth beyond the fact the latter was serving in the Army at the time of the 1949 election.
6.1) Hazel Irene Heather Wright (1918-68) married Alan Claude Bolding (1918-45), son of John Bolding and Marion Bruce probably at Wonthaggi although that has still to be confirmed. The Department of Veterans' Affairs Second World War nominal roll shows that Alan enlisted in the Australian Army at Caulfield in Melbourne in 1940 and, along with his brother, Murray Arnold Bolding, was allocated to the 2/21st Infantry Battalion (in which his second cousin-in-law, William Beresford Chibnall, was also serving). The 2/21st Battalion was part of the 23rd Brigade of the 8th Australian Division. At first located at Bonegilla near Wodonga, it was redeployed to Darwin in March 1941 and earmarked to reinforce Dutch troops on the island of Ambon in the Netherlands East Indies should the island be threatened by a Japanese invasion.
In December the battalion together with the 18th Anti-Tank Battery, 2/11th Field Company, 2/12th Field Ambulance and other supporting troops, which together comprised what was named 'Gull Force', began the deployment to Ambon. The force was poorly prepared and had only limited artillery and air support. Three battalions of Japanese infantry and a battalion of marines landed on the island on the night of 30 January 1942. On 2 February B and C companies of the battalion were massacred around Laha airfield. The remainder of the battalion surrendered the following day and were imprisoned in their former barracks at Tantoei.
The Australian War Memorial's Roll of Honour shows that Pte Alan Claude Bolding died of illness at Tantoei on 22 July 1945. He was buried at Tantoei and his body later moved to the Ambon War Cemetery. Alan's brother, Private Murray Arnold Bolding, died of illness at Tantori three days later (apparently a third brother, Harold Bolding, was a prisoner of war in Germany at the time). As the following notices, published in the Melbourne Argus on 4 October 1945, indicates, the boys' family were both saddened and dismayed at the deaths of their loved ones:
'BOLDlNG - VX25024 A. C. 2/21st Battalion, died while a P.O.W. at Ambon, July 22 - Always remembered by his loving wife. Hazel, 7 Easton street, Wonthaggi'.
'BOLDING - VX25024 Pte. A. C. and VX25018 Pte. M. A. Bolding, 2/21st Battalion, died while P.O.W.s. Ambon, on July 22 and 25, dearly beloved sons of Mr. and Mrs. John Bolding, North Wonthaggi, and loving brothers of Vera (Mrs R. Baker), Herb, Ron, Olive (Mrs. T. Keady), Mary (Mrs. H. Salmon), Harold (P.O.W.), Joyce (A.W.A.S.), Betty (Mrs. P. Atkinson), Nor- man, Dorothy, and Alfred. -Proud and fond memories'.
The Cowhan Family Tree on Ancestry tells us Hazel and Alan had two children although we have not been able to confirm this. We do know that Hazel continued to live with her parents at Wonthaggi before marrying Edgar John Mannix Gray, a carpenter, in around 1949. She and Edgar later moved to Melbourne and seem to have separated sometime before 1963. Hazel died at Springvale in 1968 and is buried in the cemetery there. Edgar was cremated at Springvale in 1986.
6.2) Austin Ernest George Wright (1919-69) married Barbara Isobel Moyle (1921-2007) at Wonthaggi in 1944. The Australian electoral rolls show they lived in the Melbourne suburbs of Footscray and Newport where Austin was working as a wharf labourer. Austin died at Newport in 1969 and is buried in the floral lawn section of the Altona cemetery. Barbara died in 2007. We think they had four children: Margaret Rose, who was working as a teacher at the time of the 1968 and 1972 elections, Alan David, Pauline Lorraine and Peter Charles Wright (1954-77) who is buried with his father at Altona.
7. Alfred James Wright (1900-74). The Cowhan Family Tree on Ancestry tells us Alfred married a Kathleen Flaherty in 1924. The Australian electoral rolls show an Alfred James, miner, and Kathleen Wright living at Hicksborough near Wonthaggi in 1931 and 1934 and in Wonthaggi itself in 1936 and 1937 (Kathleen was named Katherine). They moved to Melbourne either during or just after the war. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms shows that Alfred James Wright, son of John Wright and Susannah Coulson, died at 'Park' (probably Parkville) in Melbourne in 1974. The Greater Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust website shows an Alfred James Wright was buried in the New Lawn Area of the Fawkner cemetery in that year. A Kathleen Wright was buried in the Roman Catholic section of the Fawkner cemetery on 11 November 2002.
Mining at Wonthaggi in around 1920
Charles Bodger Wright (1860-1935)
Born at Carngham, Charles married Mary Ann Sergeant (1856-1930) there in 1878. The marriage certificate sighted by Cynthia Tizzard tells us the wedding took place after banns in the Holy Trinity Church at Carngham. Charles was a bachelor farmer and Mary Ann a spinster. The officiating clergyman was Edward K. Yeatman, and written consent was given by Charles' father, John Wright. The wedding was witnessed by John Wright and Euphemia Williamson (?). The fathers of both parties were said to be farmers. Mary Ann was born at Lexton some 10 km north of Beaufort. The 'Alexanders descendants' family tree on Ancestry has her parents as Thomas Sargeant (1803-78) and Jane Stewart (c1815-1900) who were married at Paisley in Renfrewshire in Scotland (Jane's place of birth) in 1836. Thomas and Jane had six children, four in Scotland and two in Victoria.
The Australian electoral rolls show that Charles, who worked as a labourer and blacksmith, and Mary Ann lived initially at Beaufort before moving to Melbourne sometime before 1914. They lived the remainder of their married lives at the inner Melbourne suburb of Footscray, Mary Ann dying there in 1930 and Charles five years later. The following death notice was published in the Melbourne Age on 25 July 1935: 'WRIGHT On the 24th July, at the residence of his son-in-law, Mr T. Thomas 'Kia-Ora', 4 Pentland Parade Seddon, Mr Charles Bodger Wright, the dearly beloved husband of the late Mary Ann, and loving father of Ethel (Mrs T. Thomas), Charlie, Jack, George (dec), Tom, Alf and Gertie (Mrs H. Nelson), aged 76 years. Mother and Father reunited'.
Charles Bodger and Mary Ann Wright had eight children, one of whom, Bertha Laura Wright, died as a child at Carngham in 1887. The remainder went with their parents to Melbourne and produced there 20 grandchildren and 36 great grandchildren we know of. Click here for more details about Charles and Mary Ann's children and their children.
William Bodger Wright (1862-1921)
Born at Carngham, William married Mary Doyle (1864-1907) at Ballarat in 1887. The marriage certificate sighted by Cynthia Tizzard shows that William was then a 25 year-old bachelor working as a labourer and living at Ballarat East. Mary was a 23 year-old spinster and domestic servant living in Ballarat. The wedding was a civil marriage conducted in accordance with the rites of the Independant Church by Martin Hosking, a missionary of Ballarat East. The witnesses to the wedding were John and Sarah Wright. Although still to be confirmed, we think Mary was South Australian-born, the daughter of James Doyle and Mary Cutter, and that she died in Ballarat in 1907. The 1914 electoral roll shows William Wright, a line-repairer, living with his eldest daughter on Creswick Road in Ballarat. Ancestry's index of Australian bdms shows that William died at Ballarat in 1921, aged 59 years. He is buried in the Ballarat New Cemetery. The same source tells us that William and Mary had five children one of whom, Bertie Charles Wright, died as an infant in 1893.
1. Sarah Maude Wright was born at Tarrawingee near Ballarat in 1889 and married Samuel Browne (1882-c1946) at the Church of St Christ in Ballarat in 1916. The couple's wedding certificate, a copy of which is contained on the 'Clish Family Tree' on Ancestry, shows Samuel was a 34 year-old baker and widower who was born at Manchester in England and had four children from his previous marriage. His parents were James Browne (deceased) and Mary Ann Helbon (or Hilton, the wording is difficult to decipher). Samuel was living at Ballarat at the time of the wedding although his usual place of residence was Waubra. Sarah was a 26 year-old spinster from Ballarat, the daughter of William Wright, labourer, and Mary Doyle. The wedding was witnessed by a Maxwell Collins and H. I. Wright (again the letters were difficult to decipher). The Magill Family Tree' on Ancestry tells us Samuel had sailed from Liverpool to Sydney in 1905 and married Elizabeth ('Lily') Burgess, daughter of Horace Burgess and Martha Ann Bennett, at Queenstown in Tasmania three years later. Lily died at Waubra in Victoria on 21 August 1915. She and Samuel had four children - Altie Mary (born in 1910 in Broadford in Victoria), Huon ('Jack') Bernard (1911, Melbourne), Murray (1911-1911, Melbourne) and Esther 'Hope' Lily Browne (1915, Waubra).
The newly wed Sarah then, pictured below, had three step-children aged five years and under to raise and care for. She had to do this, moreover, while she and Samuel and his children moved around the country, from Ballarat to Beechworth, back to Ballarat where Sarah lived at Wendourie while Samuel worked at Ouyen, possibly to Melbourne before relocating to Sydney where some of his descendants believe Samuel died in 1946. We have not, to date, been able to confirm this. Nor do we know with any certainty when and where Sarah died or whether she and Samuel had any children of their own. What of her three step-children? The 'Magill Family Tree' tells us that Altie Mary Browne married an Englishman, Sydney ('Syd') James Mason (1909-93) in 1933 and died in the Melbourne suburb of Canterbury in 1995. Her brother Huon ('Jack') Bernard Browne married Bridget ('Birdie') Brennan in Sydney in 1953 and died in the Concord Repatriation Hospital there in 1983. And their baby sister, Esther ('Hope') Lily Browne married Arthur Charles Mason in Melbourne in 1936 and died there in 1985.
Samuel Browne with his first wife Elizabeth ('Lily') Burgess at the time of their marriage in 1908 and
Sarah Maude Browne nee Wright with one of Samuel's grandsons.
2. Mary Flora Wight (1894-1970) Born at Meredith in Victoria, Mary married George Eric Phillips (1895-1972) in 1918. The Australian electoral rolls show they lived all their married lives in the Melbourne suburb of Toorak where George owned a news agency. Mary died there in 1970 and George two years later, They were each cremated at the Springvale Crematorium and their ashes collected by their family. They had one son we are aware of: Lloyd George Phillips (1920-2003). According to the Department of Veterans' Affairs nominal roll for World War II, Lloyd was born at East Malvern in Melbourne on 3 January 1920 and enlisted in the Australian Army 'in the field' on 7 December 1942. He was then living at Toorak and his NOK was his father George. He was discharged on 8 January 1946 as a corporal in the 63rd Australian Infantry Battalion. The Australian electoral rolls show that Lloyd, who worked as real estate agent, and his wife, Dorothy Jean Phillips, lived most of their married lives in the Melbourne suburb of Balwyn. Lloyd died in 2003 and was cremated at Springvale Crematorium. The following tribute to him was posted in the Melbourne Herald Sun on 5 February 2003:
PHILLIPS - Lloyd George, passed away peacefully at home Monday Feb. 3, aged 83. Dearly loved husband of Dorothy, devoted father of Anne, Mark and Andrew, loved and respected father-in-law of Harley, Hanh and Mindy, loving grandfather of Charlotte, Elizabeth, Edward, Isabella, Camilla, Jeremy and Maryrose. You were and will always be my friend and the love of my life. - Dorothy. Beloved father of Anne and son-in-law Harley. Dearly loved and respected grandfather of Charlotte, Elizabeth, Edward and Isabella. Lovingly remembered always A very special and loving father-in-law and Grandpa to Hanh and Maryrose. A great father and mate. I will miss you. - Mark. Loved father and father-in-law of Andrew and Mindy. Adored Papa of Camilla and Jeremy. So deeply loved.
3. Alice Grace Wright was born at Meredith in Victoria in 1896. We think she married William Joseph May in 1916 although that has still to be confirmed.
4. William Stanley Wright. William was born at Meredith in 1998. We have not determined with any certainty whether he married or when and where he died (Ancestry's index of Australian bdms shows a William Stanley Wright, born in around 1898, died at Seddon in Victoria in 1977 but does not say who his parents were).
Amy Bridget Wright (1864-1932)
Pictured on the left, Amy grew up in Carngham and married William Anthony Chibnall (1859-1936) there in 1883. They had five children: Walter Henry, William Anthony jnr, Alice Mary, Cecil Claude Charles and Pearl Amy Chibnall where all except Walter were born at Carngham (Walter was born at nearby Preston Hill). In around 1909 William and Amy and their three surviving children moved to Beaufort where Amy died in 1932. Her husband, William Anthony Chibnall, died at Carngham four years later.
Click here to read a more detailed account of their lives, times and family.
Walter Bodger Wright (1866-1927)
Walter married Jessie Bishop Craig at Carngham in 1891. The 'Gebbie/Sinclair' tree on Ancestry tells us that Jessie's parents were John Craig (1837-73) and Margaret Gebbie (1835-1917) whose mother was Janet Bishop. Margaret was born at Kilmarnock in Ayreshire in Scotland. She emigrated to Australia with her brother, George, and niece Margaret in 1857 and married Andrew Johnson (1833-61) in Victoria in 1858 and John Craig at Ballarat on 18 June 1863. She and John had five children, Jessie being number four who is thought to have been born at Carngham. The Australian electoral rolls show Walter, who was then working as a coach driver, and Jessie Wright living at Snake Valley at the time of the 1903 and 1906 elections. Sometime after this they took up farming at Foxhow near Berrybank in the Corangamite registration district of Victoria. As the following newspaper notice recorded, Walter died at Ballarat in 1927: 'DEATHS WRIGHT - on the 24th July at the residence of his brother in law (Mr J. Page), 703 Urquhart Street Ballarat, Walter Bodger Wright of Kilmarnock, Berrybank and late of Carngham dearly beloved husband of Jessie, and loved father of Laura, Jeanette (deceased), Linda (dec), and Thomas, in his 60th year. Rest after weariness'. We believe that Jessie moved to Geelong where she is thought to have died in 1953.
As his death notice indicates, Walter and Jessie had three children, two of whom died as infants. Their surviving daughter, Eveline Laura Celia Wright married Percy John Beswicke (1881-1944) in 1916. According to the Chew and Davies family trees on Ancestry, Percy's parents were John Beswicke (1845-1925), who was born in Manchester in England, and Mary Hannah Parsons (1851-1935) from London. The 1919 electoral roll shows Eveline and Percy farming land at Berrybank. They later moved to Oakwood Park in the outer Melbourne suburb of Dandenong. Following Percy's death there in 1944, Eveline moved to Frankston and then Geelong. She and Percy had two children:
1.1 John Oakwood Beswicke (1918-2010) who married Robina Aitken ('Beni') Dunn (1923-2012) and had four children and 14 grandchildren.
1.2 Hazel Jessie Beswicke who married Willis Ramsay Spiller in Melbourne in 1947. They farmed land at Lethbridge and River Hills at Cobden before retiring to Geelong in the mid-1960s. Willis, who was the only son of William Garfield Spiller and Elizabeth Ramsay ruby Smith, died at Geelong in 2011. He and Hazel had one daughter and four grandchildren.
Mary Frances Bodger Wright (1869-1954)
Born at Carngham in 1869, Mary married Mitchell Dames (1868-1922), son of Peter Anthony Dames and Catherine Redding, there in 1889. They lived first at Carngham and then at Casterton in western Victoria where, in 1891, Mary joined a number of other local women in signing a petition supporting womens' suffrage. The electoral rolls show that Mary and Mitchell, who was working as a railway line repairer or 'ganger', moved from Casterton around the turn of the century, living initially at Bradshaw's Creek near Ballan and then at Beaufort. In around 1921 they seem to have moved to Melbourne where, as the following report in the Geelong Advertiser tells us, Mitchell was killed in a railway accident:
Melbourne September 19 . The body of Mitchell Dames, a railway ganger, of about 60 years of age, was taken to the morgue today. He was working on his 'length' on the Williamstown line near Yarraville this morning. He stepped out of the way of an oncoming electric train apparently unaware that a ballast train from the Yarraville yards was drawing near him. He was knocked down and when picked up was found to be in a frightfully mutilated condition. Both legs were badly crushed and both arms were fractured. His head was also injured. Constable Miles of Newport had the unfortunate man taken to the Williamstown hospital, where his injuries proved fatal.
Mary returned to Beaufort to live after her husband's death and remained there until the mid-1940s when she joined her daughter at Curlwaa near Wentworth in southern NSW. She died at Wentworth in 1954. Mary and Mitchell had five children, one of whom, Lily Sarah Dames, died at Casterton aged one year. Their other three children were:
1. Gertrude Catherine Dames (1890-1967). Born at Carngham, Gertrude married George William Webb (1888-1965) at Tempy in the Mallee region of Victoria in 1912. George came from Wentworth in NSW, the son of John William Webb and Cathrun Lettice Weidenbach who were married at Tapio in NSW in 1878 and had eight children. Like Gertrude's father, George was then working as a railway ganger. The electoral rolls show that after their marriage Gertrude and George lived in different places in the Mallee until the 1930s when they moved to the Wentworth region (where they lived first at Curlwaa and later at Dareton). They were at Dareton when the photo, shown below, of the Webb family was taken. George died at Wentworth in 1965 and Gertrude at nearby Mildura two years later. We believe they are buried together in the Wentworth cemetery. Gertrude and George had four children we are aware of one of whom, Francis Walter Webb, died as in infant at Ballarat in 1924.
1.1) John William ('Jack') Webb (1914-65). Born at Ouyen Jack married Ivy Edna Mason (1915-2002) at Wentworth in 1935. The Australian electoral rolls show that they lived at Dareton, where Jack worked as a labourer, until the 1960s. They then seemed to have moved to South Australia where Jack died (in Adelaide) in 1965 and Ivy at Murray Bridge in 2002. The Emery-Walker Family Tree on Ancestry tells us they had three children, all still living.
1.2) James Mitchell Webb (1916-40). James was born at Hamilton and died at Mildura aged 24 years. We don't think he married.
1.3) Hector George Webb (1920-42). The Department of Repatriation's Second World War Nominal Roll shows that VX46910 Private Hector George Webb enlisted in the Australian Army at Caulfield on 30 July 1940. He was allocated to the 2/23 Infantry Battalion and served in Libya and north Africa. He died of wounds in Egypt on 30 October 1942. The Australian War Memorial's Honour Roll tells us he is buried in the El Alamein War Cemetery.
From the 'Warneke Family Tree' on Ancestry, this photo, taken in around 1935, shows Gertrude Catherine Webb nee Dames with her Webb relations.
Back row (L/R): Alfred A. Burrowes, Catherine Burrowes nee Webb, John Webb, Miriam Webb nee Berriman, Mildura Victoria Lowden nee Webb,
Charles Lowden, Gertrude and her husband George Webb. Front row: Mary Ellen (Dolly) Nash nee Webb,
Cathrun Lettice Webb nee Weidenbach and Agnes Mather Rowe nee Webb.
2. John Adam Dames. Born at Beaufort, John married Ivy White there in 1912. The electoral rolls show them living at Kaniva at the time of the 1914 election and John working as a railway employee. He enlisted in the First AIF on 21 September 1917. He was then 25 years old, married and had a son Wilton Henry Mitchell Dames. John embarked from Melbourne on the HMAT ULYSSES on 22 December 1917 as part of reinforcements for the 29 Infantry Battalion. He disembarked at Southampton on 15 February 1918 and underwent specialist musketry training at Tidworth and Lewes. He was promoted to Acting Sergeant in the 14th Training Battalion on 1 October 1918. His records indicate that John served all of his time overseas in England. He returned to Australia on the Leicestershire on 9 December 1918.
The 1919 electoral roll shows John, a railway employee, and Ivy living at 98 Napier St in the Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy. They were registered at 40 Lyndon St in East Camberwell at the time of the 1931 election. John died there two years later and the family published the following notice in the Melbourne Age: 'DAMES - On 26 April at Austin Hospital, John Adam, of 40 Lyndon Street East Camberwell, loved husband of Ivy, and loving father of Wilton, Phillip and Joyce. Aged 40 years. A sufferer at rest'. The electoral roll show that Ivy continued to live in Melbourne after her husband's death, initially in Carlton and then Auburn. We have yet to determine when and where she died. As noted above, Ivy and John had three children: Wilton, Phillip and Joyce Dames. We know nothing about Joyce but have discovered a little more about her two brothers as follows:
2.1) Wilton Henry Mitchell Dames (1913-85). The Victorian electoral rolls show that Wilton was living with his mother in 1936. The following year he and his wife Marjory Margaret Ellen Dames were registered as living at 272 Canterbury Rd in Canterbury, a suburb of Melbourne (Wilton was then working as a plasterer). The Department of Repatriation's Second World War Nominal Roll shows that V257243 Wilton Henry Mitchell Dames enlisted in the Australian Army at Surrey Hills in Melbourne on 16 January 1942. His NOK was Marjory Dames and his place of birth was said to be Ballarat. No details are provided of his service or discharge date. The electoral rolls indicate Wilton and Marjory continued to live at Canterbury after the war. Wilton died there in 1985. We think Marjory died at Launceston in Tasmania in 2003 but was buried with Wilton in Melbourne. We don't know whether they had any children.
2.2) Phillip Dames (1924-2002). The Department of Veterans Affairs Nominal Roll for the Second World shows that 117001 Phillip Dames, born at Carlton on 12 July 1924, enlisted in the RAAF at Melbourne on 7 August 1942. He was then living at Carlton and gave as his NOK Ivy Dames. He was discharged from the Air Force on 16 January 1946 when he was serving as a Leading Aircraftsman at 7 Replenishing Centre. Phillip was living with his mother in Carlton at the time of the 1949 election. The 1954 and 1963 rolls have Phillip, a fibro plasterer, living at 8 Stirling Crescent in Carlton together with Marjorie Beryl Dames. They were at 53 Mill Ave Forest Hill in Melbourne in 1968 and 1972, and 8/45 Glebe Street Forest Hill in 1977 and 1980 (together with a Graeme Paul Dames, carpenter). The Ryerson Index shows that a Phil Dames died in Melbourne on 31 December 2002.
Julia May Bodger Wright (1871-1948)
John George Frederick Krick (1866-1938) there in 1894. According to the 'Burdett Family Tree' on Ancestry.com, George's father, George Frederick Krick (1840-1900), came from Potsdam in Germany. His mother, Theresa Wilhelmina Zimmer (1844-1914), was from Dresden. His great granddaughter, Helen Bretherton, tells us George was born at Rocky Lead (which is at Rocklyn, some 5km north of Ballarat) and worked as a baker. She adds that, like most chefs, George was fond of his food and, as a consequence, grew very large; 'there is a great family story of him getting stuck in a seat at the cinema'. Despite or perhaps because of his size, he was much loved by his family who remember him as being both gentle and jovial.
The Australian electoral rolls and the birth of their nine children indicate that Julia and George spent most of their married life at Ballarat (where they lived on Ascot St). George died at the Melbourne suburb of Eltham in 1938 but is buried at Ballarat. As the following death notice, published in the Melbourne Argus on 11 November 1948 indicates, his wife Julia died at Ballarat ten years later: 'KRICK. On November 10 (suddenly), at her residence, 221 Ascot St. South Ballarat, Julia May, widow of the late George Krick, and loving mother of George, Daisy (deceased), Dorrie, Vera (Mrs. Renfrey), Trissie (Mrs. Kerr), Gilbert, Albert, Ronald, and Eva (Mrs. Misson)'. She, too, is buried in the Old Cemetery at Ballarat.
George and Julia had nine children (pictured together with their parents in the photo below). Click here to read of their lives and times.
A young George Krick with his mother Theresa Wilhelmina and
Julia May Krick nee Wright in the 1940s.
Supplied to us by one of their descendants, Colin King, this photo is of George and Julia Krick (nee Wright) and their family.
It was taken, Colin thinks, 'sometime around the Great War or just after'.
Back row L/R: Albert, Theresa, Vera, George, Dora and Daisy. Front row: Ronald, George snr, Julia, Eva and Gilbert.
'Carngham New House 1920s', photograph by John Collins, courtesy of the State Library of Victoria (image jc003411).
'Mining at Snake Valley', from Hugh Anderson, The Flowers of the Field: A History of Ripon Shire (Melbourne: Hill of Content Publishing Company, 1969).
Sarah Wright (nee Bodger) and son Joseph Robert Wright c1909, private collection.
Joseph and Julia Wright, courtesy of Sue Taylor (nee Cheeseman).
Samuel and Lily Browne wedding and Sarah Maude Browne nee Wright, from the 'Magill Family Tree' on Ancestry.
Mining at Wonthaggi 1920, from Museum Australia's Science works website.
Amy Bridget Chibnall, from Gail Gibson's 'Leslie Miles Family Tree' on Ancestry.
Gertrude Webb and family, from the 'Warneke Family Tree' on Ancestry.
Theresa and George Krick and Julia May Krick nee Wright, from 'The Bretherton Family Tree' on Ancestry.
The Krick family, courtesy of Colin King.
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